Breast milk was uniquely designed for human babies, and many studies have shown its health benefits. In our quest to increase breastfeeding rates here in the US, which are not as high as we want them to be, we encourage new mothers not to use any formula. This is all good, as often, if we can get mothers and babies through those first few days and weeks without formula, they can both get used to breastfeeding and make it work. But as we encourage breastfeeding, we need to be careful to keep the big picture in mind and not demonize formula feeding. In a study recently published in the Journal of Pediatrics , researchers studied babies who had lost a significant amount of weight after birth, which, while common, can be dangerous.
What is antenatal care Your antenatal appointments Arguements against breastfeeding and cancer who in the antenatal team. Day three and four I still had no milk. Because if it did, it would be really obvious in the data and in everyday life. I encourage it with all of my patients, and am lucky enough to have lactation consultants readily available to my practice. Babies, however, often do not respond to a diligent work ethic. I nursed around the clock, and barely slept the Argufments two days I was in the hospital.
Flirt with wife. Read More From TIME
You are saying that things women inherently do are not as valuable as industry. Once again I have had Napoleon spain joseph latin america misfortune cancef reading a personal opinion article and one womyn's struggle with adjusting to parenthood and her feelings of inadequacy presented as canxer. If you think those conventional tomatoes taste better than the amazing organic ones, that's your prerogative. Conventional agriculture is energy-intensive and provides only short-term fertility to the soil. I'm not all that negative about Rosin's article when I consider it to be one woman's experience. Traci Des Jardins. Repudiating "attachment" parenting, French feminist Elisabeth Badinter argues that breastfeeding — along with natural labour, co-sleeping and giving up work — all amount to an ideal of motherhood that effectively subjugates a woman's professional, sexual, spousal, adult identity. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and 'Do Not Attempt Resuscitation' orders Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR is a treatment that attempts to restore breathing and blood flow in people who have experienced cardiac arrest when the heart Arguements against breastfeeding and cancer beating or respiratory arrest when they stop breathing. Just because it worked for you doesn't mean it isn't valid to say it doesn't work for Arguements against breastfeeding and cancer. This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons. Some articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. When breastfeeding, even the mother does not need to wake up fully to nurse her Sussex uk university. March 17, Amber. Reuse this content. This is feature allows you to search the site.
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide.
- You ought to read the story yourself, but the case it makes against organic foods comes down to five basic points.
- The effort to reduce access to mammography screening has been going on for decades and has intensified in the past few years.
When my son was five weeks old, I found myself sitting on the floor of a room filled with cushions and yoga balls, holding him in my arms while exposing my nipple to a roomful of other women. We were in the back room of a cheerful natural baby store, but there was a feeling of desperation in the group of women, each one cradling a newborn baby.
This unlikely sisterhood was gathered for a weekly breastfeeding support group. My son, Nathaniel, loved to breastfeed so much that he spent about 10 hours a day at it.
But for some reason, breastfeeding had become intensely painful. I was riding an intense wave of fatigue and anxiety, and found it hard to consider anything but finding a way to continue nursing. I would have felt like a failure to do otherwise.
I decided to try breastfeeding but not put any pressure on myself. If I had been able to step back, I would have said there was no reason to put myself through the stress and pain.
And I would have been right. The study compared outcomes among siblings and found no significant difference in 10 of 11 long-term health outcomes between children who were breastfed and those given formula.
Breastfeeding is now akin to providing developmental toys, serving organic meals, and limiting screen time: a parenting best practice. He thrived, zooming to a top percentile on the growth chart. And so I nursed around the clock. Nate was a fussy baby but anytime I put him to my breast, he was instantly soothed. So when breastfeeding became painful, I was conflicted.
I desperately wanted to better share the baby care with my husband. But it was hard to think about depriving Nate of something he so clearly enjoyed. We realized a tiny milk blister was the culprit. Slowly, the pain finally disappeared. By the time Nate was four months old, a feeding took 10 or 15 minutes instead of an hour.
And I grew to love breastfeeding. Instead of feeling like a painful sentence, it became a welcome break in my day where I got to hold and cuddle my boy. Nate is now 22 months old, and he still breastfeeds occasionally.
It is no longer a quiet, relaxing experience; he bounces around, often nursing for less than 30 seconds at a time. Nate now spends much of his time running, climbing, and jumping. Nursing is a time when he wants me to hold him close, when he touches my face and chatters to me. And to me, pleasure is the thing. Drew Himmelstein is a writer and digital storyteller based in San Francisco.
T his piece originally appeared at Zocalo Public Square. By Drew Himmelstein May 15, Related Stories.
Inform yourselves about the risks of formula. She's right that scientists right now can't tell women qualitatively how much smarter and healthier children breastfed X number of months will be. I don't think that feminism is anti-stay-at-home-mom. March 17, Kelly. March 17, Alexis Ahrens.
Arguements against breastfeeding and cancer. Our Newest Recipes
When breastfeeding, even the mother does not need to wake up fully to nurse her baby. Anatomically speaking, all lactating breasts perform in the same way. Even breastfeeding for a few days has immense benefits. Colostrum provides not only perfect nutrition tailored to the needs of the individual newborn, but also large amounts of living cells which will defend the baby against many harmful agents. Unlike formula, all of the vitamins and minerals in my breastmilk are in a form that my baby can easily absorb.
This means that even seemingly minute levels of vitamins and minerals in my breastmilk are bioavailable — able to be efficiently utilized by my baby. As for the assumption that I need a special diet, in the absence of a family history of food allergies, there is no benefit to eliminating foods from my diet. Mothers have breastfed successfully through history when food has not been plentiful.
A breastfeeding mother may simply lift her top. A vest can be placed under her top to conceal her stomach if desired. Also wrap dresses, shirts and any top with buttons are other viable options. A mother who finds breastfeeding inconvenient and so switches to formula could become deliriously happy, and yet her baby, who may develop colic, allergies, and reoccurring illness as a consequence of the formula switch, would be far from happy.
N et al. We should be empowering mothers to overcome their breastfeeding hurdles. No — this is not permitted. Because that makes women feel bad. It keeps my milk supply strong. Plus, because my breastmilk is so nutritious it is absorbed quickly. What would you prefer? The sounds of a baby happily slurping or the sounds of a baby unhappily crying? This will interfere with my establishing a solid milk supply. Schedule feeding is tough on babies whose digestive systems are not set on a four-hourly cycle from day one.
A satisfied, contended baby is likely to be less demanding than one whose demands for food are routinely thwarted. E and Dozier. In our culture we project our own sex and gender hangups on to the child. However the reality is that the emotional and physical benefits of breastfeeding do not diminish as a baby becomes a toddler or preschooler.
My milk is still providing my child with essential proteins, nutrients antibodies and other protective substances and will continue to do so for as long as I continue nursing. Some of the immune factors in breastmilk even increase in concentration during the second year Goldman.
A et al. Also, extensive research on the relationship between cognitive achievement IQ scores, grades in school and breastfeeding has shown the greatest gains for those children breastfed the longest van den Bogaard, C. Extended breastfeeding serves to lessen temper tantrums and helps a child to quickly fall asleep at naptime. No thanks. This is likely to make my milk supply even worse. If there is a problem with my baby not getting enough milk, pumped breastmilk is a better alternative to formula.
Besides, what has makes you think that my supply is low? Breastmilk still contains immunologic factors that help protect the baby. In fact, some immune factors in breastmilk that protect the baby against infection increase as the child gets older. If my baby becomes unwell, breastmilk is easily digested and nourishing. Also if my baby becomes a fussy eater, my breastmilk will make an important contribution to his restricted diet — it may become his only decent source of vitamins!
Why would I want to have the extra cost and hassle of that? Breastfed babies absorb nearly 50 percent or the iron in breastmilk whereas formula fed babies absorb only about 10 percent of available iron from formula Rubin. Up until 6 months breastfeeding provides my baby with a perfect balance of easily digestible proteins, fats and vitamins.
Commonly a mum will spend 30 minutes attached to a breastpump and obtain a measly 3oz for her troubles. The shape of my nipples is not important. As far as my baby is concerned, it is highly unlikely that she will ever meet or feed from another pair of breasts and, to her, my breasts are just perfect.
They show that it actually declined to 94 per , over the time period. There have been major efforts to try to address the issues that surround DCIS with regard to diagnosis and treatment. Questions about DCIS are far from new [ 51 ]. They are not worthy of publication to only try to confuse the issues.
The scientifically unsupportable paper from the New England Journal of Medicine has been used to raise concerns among women and their physicians. A recent article in Consumer Reports was clearly influenced and placed emphasis on the issue of overdiagnosis in advising women to follow the USPSTF guidelines [ 52 ]. An op-ed piece by Welch in the New York Times [ 53 ] was coordinated with the publication of his paper, and a recent article in the Sunday Magazine section of the New York Times by a writer who voices doubts about the importance of early detection, referencing Welch and others [ 54 ] shows that these papers have been promoted to the public and will no doubt discourage some women from participating in screening.
There are rumors that some European countries are using the paper by Bleyer and Welch to argue against any breast cancer screening. The analysis used in this paper is fundamentally flawed, and the conclusions are not scientifically supported. The paper should be withdrawn by the New England Journal of Medicine. Daniel B. Kopans: Uncompensated owner of patents for several mammographic- and biopsy-related devices IP.
Yaffe and Kathleen I. Pritchard on pages — User Name Password Sign In. Kopans, M. Telephone: ; E-Mail: kopans. Accepted September 3, Figure 1. Figure 2. Previous Section Next Section. Previous Section. Statistical power in breast cancer screening trials and mortality reduction among women years of age with particular emphasis on the National Breast Screening Study of Canada. Cancer ; 74 : - CrossRef Medline Google Scholar. Benefit of screening mammography in women aged A new meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr ; 22 : 87 - Biasing the interpretation of mammography screening data by age grouping: Nothing changes abruptly at age Breast J ; 4 : - CrossRef Google Scholar.
Shapiro S. Evidence on screening for breast cancer from a randomized trial. Cancer ; 39 Suppl : - Kopans DB. The U. Preventive Services Task Force guidelines ignore important scientific evidence and should be revised or withdrawn.
Radiology ; : 15 - Effects of mammography screening under different screening schedules: Model estimates of potential benefits and harms. Ann Intern Med ; : - Google Scholar. Screening mammography in women aged 40— A report of the American College of Physicians and American College of Radiology consensus meeting. Accessed September 9. Predicting the risk of cancer at the time of breast biopsy.
Variation in the benign to malignant ratio. Am Surg ; 48 : - Medline Google Scholar. Time to stop mammography screening? CMAJ ; : - The natural history of invasive breast cancers detected by screening mammography.
Arch Intern Med ; : - Breast cancer mortality in neighbouring European countries with different levels of screening but similar access to treatment: Trend analysis of WHO mortality database. BMJ ; : d Overdiagnosis in publicly organised mammography screening programmes: Systematic review of incidence trends.
BMJ ; : b Effect of population-based screening on breast cancer mortality. Lancet ; : - Effect of screening mammography on breast-cancer mortality in Norway. N Engl J Med ; : - Mammography activity in Norway to Acta Oncol ; 50 : - Screening for breast cancer and mortality reduction among women years of age.
Cancer ; 74 Suppl : - Swedish two-county trial: Impact of mammographic screening on breast cancer mortality during 3 decades.
Radiology ; : - Cancer ; : - Beyond randomized controlled trials: organized mammographic screening substantially reduces breast carcinoma mortality. Cancer ; 91 : - The impact of organized mammography service screening on breast carcinoma mortality in seven Swedish counties. Cancer ; 95 : - Initiation of population-based mammography screening in Dutch municipalities and effect on breast-cancer mortality: a systematic review. Increasingly strong reduction in breast cancer mortality due to screening.
Br J Cancer ; : - Mammography screening and risk of breast cancer death: A population-based case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 21 : 66 - Reduction in breast cancer mortality from organized service screening with mammography: 1.
Further confirmation with extended data. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 15 : 45 - Breast cancer mortality after screening mammography in British Columbia women. Int J Cancer ; : - Beyond randomized controlled trials: Organized mammographic screening substantially reduces breast carcinoma mortality. Cancer ; 94 : - ; author reply — Tarone RE. The excess of patients with advanced breast cancer in young women screened with mammography in the Canadian National Breast Screening Study.
Cancer ; 75 : - Is screening for breast cancer with mammography justifiable? Merz B. Author of Canadian Breast Cancer Study retracts warnings. J Natl Cancer Inst ; 84 : - A simple model of breast carcinoma growth may provide explanations for observations of apparently complex phenomena.
Cancer ; 97 : - Long-term incidence of breast cancer by trial arm in one county of the Swedish Two-County Trial of mammographic screening. Overdiagnosis in screening mammography in Denmark: Population based cohort study. BMJ ; : f Quantifying the potential problem of overdiagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ in breast cancer screening. Eur J Cancer ; 39 : - Overdiagnosis in screening: is the increase in breast cancer incidence rates a cause for concern?
J Med Screen ; 11 : 23 - Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of breast cancer: Estimates of overdiagnosis from two trials of mammographic screening for breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res ; 7 : - Overdiagnosis in mammographic screening for breast cancer in Europe: A literature review.
J Med Screen ; 19 Suppl 1 : 42 - BMJ ; : - Bleyer A , Welch HG. Effect of three decades of screening mammography on breast-cancer incidence. Changing trends. An overview of breast cancer incidence and mortality. Use of mammography among women 40 years of age and over. Updated July Accessed April 17, Updated September 25, Accessed July 28, Accessed March 23, Effect of screening mammography on breast cancer incidence.
N Engl J Med ; : American Cancer Society. The randomized trials of breast cancer screening: What have we learned? Radiol Clin North Am ; 42 : - , v. J Clin Epidemiol ; 42 : -
The Case Against Breast-Feeding - The Atlantic
As a reporter who focuses on early childhood development, I was immediately intrigued by this finding. At first, I thought I might write a quick story about it. But it does mean that a large majority of US mothers breastfeed their children at some point. And many mothers think it is important. After controlling for maternal intent to breastfeed, the researchers found no difference in the health outcomes in the two groups.
Quartz spoke to four outside experts in epidemiology, statistics, and social demography. They also disagreed with one another about the conclusion that breastfeeding may not be as impactful as we have been led to believe. What they all agreed upon, however, was that the Population Health study had serious limitations. One concern that many cited was the small sample size of about 1, expectant mothers.
Critics also point out that the study measures infant health through only three factors, all of which are self-reported by the mothers. This raises the possibility of inaccurate reporting for things like antibiotic use or ear infection prevalence. She suggests formula in Belarus may be worse for babies because drinking water there is historically of poor quality. As Annalisa Merrelli writes for Quartz :. When breastfeeding mothers feed their babies exclusively with formula, they quickly stop producing breast milk, making it impossible to revert back.
This makes formula particularly problematic for poor mothers, who may not be able to buy sufficient amounts of the product, and end up watering it down or feeding the child smaller quantities, which then leads to malnourishment.
In this context, breastfeeding has been shown to save lives. That means there may be very good reasons for women to keep choosing to breastfeed, even if it turns out that Raissian and Su are correct in saying that some of the benefits attributed to breastfeeding are inflated. Otten and Lanting, the researchers at TNO, acknowledge that any research that could seem to contradict breastfeeding dogma can be fraught. But science is not meant to accept wisdom.
As Purtill and Kopf write:. The largest of these studies pdf , conducted by researchers at Ohio State University, did not find meaningful positive effects of breastfeeding. They looked at 11 measures of child wellbeing, and found essentially no discernible difference between the breastfed and non-breastfed.
Breastfeeding requires a huge time and financial investment that many women make because they believe they are giving their child the best possible start to life. They could also go a long way towards tackling the economic and racial dynamics of the breastfeeding debate, whereby poor women, or women of color, are shamed for not doing what wealthier, white women do for their babies.
It also reflects, and reinforces, the divisions of race and class that have long characterized American social life. In our conversations, Raissian takes care to clarify that the point of her study is not to discourage women from breastfeeding. Her goal, she explains, is to jumpstart a conversation about which of the benefits attributed to breastfeeding if any have been overstated.
This reporting is part of a series supported by a grant from the Bernard van Leer Foundation. This post has been updated with clarification about Belarus drinking water.
Skip to navigation Skip to content.